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Restrictiveness Levels


Commitment to the Department of Juvenile Justice is made by a juvenile court judge and is explained in Florida Statute, Chapter 985.441.  When a child is committed to the department by a judge, this is known as adjudication.  An adjudication is made to a specific restrictiveness level. There are the four levels of juvenile commitment to the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice but only three are “residential” commitment.  Definitions of the four different restrictiveness levels are stated below as found online in the Florida Statute, Chapter 985.03 (44).  A written description of each residential program, its services, a map with directions, and contact information is available in the Residential Facilities portion of on this website.

Minimum-risk Nonresidential

This commitment means that your child will stay at home with you.  Minimum-risk commitment programs fall under the jurisdiction of Probation and Community Intervention rather than Residential Services.  Programs or program models at this commitment level work with youth who remain in the community and participate at least 5 days per week in a day treatment program. Youth assessed and classified for programs at this commitment level represent a minimum risk to themselves and public safety and do not require placement and services in residential settings. Youth in this level have full access to, and reside in, the community. Youth who have been found to have committed delinquent acts that involve firearms, that are sexual offenses, or that would be life felonies or first degree felonies if committed by an adult may not be committed to a program at this level.Programs or program models at the minimum-risk commitment level work with a youth who remains at home and participates at least five days a week in a program.  A youth who is assessed and classified for a program at this commitment level represents a minimum risk to themselves and to the public’s safety.  A youth committed by a juvenile court judge to a minimum-risk commitment level does not require placement and services that are in a residential setting.  A youth in this level of commitment has full access to and resides in his or her community.  A youth who commits a delinquent act that involves a firearm, or are sexual offenses, or that would be life felonies or first-degree felonies if committed by an adult may not be committed to a program at this level.

Nonsecure Residential

Programs or program models at this commitment level are residential but may allow youth to have supervised access to the community. Facilities at this commitment level are either environmentally secure, staff secure, or are hardware-secure with walls, fencing, or locking doors. Residential facilities at this commitment level shall have no more than 90 beds each, including campus-style programs, unless those campus-style programs include more than one treatment program using different treatment protocols, and have facilities that coexist separately in distinct locations on the same property. Facilities at this commitment level shall provide 24-hour awake supervision, custody, care, and treatment of residents. Youth assessed and classified for placement in programs at this commitment level represent a low or moderate risk to public safety and require close supervision. The staff at a facility at this commitment level may seclude a child who is a physical threat to himself or herself or others. Mechanical restraint may also be used when necessary.

High-risk Residential

Programs or program models at this commitment level are residential and do not allow youth to have access to the community, except that temporary release providing community access for up to 72 continuous hours may be approved by a court for a youth who has made successful progress in his or her program in order for the youth to attend a family emergency or, during the final 60 days of his or her placement, to visit his or her home, enroll in school or a career and technical education program, complete a job interview, or participate in a community service project. High-risk residential facilities are hardware-secure with perimeter fencing and locking doors. Residential facilities at this commitment level shall have no more than 90 beds each, including campus-style programs, unless those campus-style programs include more than one treatment program using different treatment protocols, and have facilities that coexist separately in distinct locations on the same property. Facilities at this commitment level shall provide 24-hour awake supervision, custody, care, and treatment of residents. Youth assessed and classified for this level of placement require close supervision in a structured residential setting. Placement in programs at this level is prompted by a concern for public safety that outweighs placement in programs at lower commitment levels. The staff at a facility at this commitment level may seclude a child who is a physical threat to himself or herself or others. Mechanical restraint may also be used when necessary. The facility may provide for single cell occupancy, except that youth may be housed together during prerelease transition.

Maximum-risk Residential

Programs or program models at this commitment level include juvenile correctional facilities and juvenile prisons. The programs at this commitment level are long-term residential and do not allow youth to have access to the community. Facilities at this commitment level are maximum-custody, hardware-secure with perimeter security fencing and locking doors. Residential facilities at this commitment level shall have no more than 90 beds each, including campus-style programs, unless those campus-style programs include more than one treatment program using different treatment protocols, and have facilities that coexist separately in distinct locations on the same property. Facilities at this commitment level shall provide 24-hour awake supervision, custody, care, and treatment of residents. The staff at a facility at this commitment level may seclude a child who is a physical threat to himself or herself or others. Mechanical restraint may also be used when necessary. Facilities at this commitment level shall provide for single cell occupancy, except that youth may be housed together during prerelease transition. Youth assessed and classified for this level of placement require close supervision in a maximum security residential setting. Placement in a program at this level is prompted by a demonstrated need to protect the public.