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The Civil Citation Dashboard contains data on Florida’s use of Civil Citation as an alternative to arrest for 1st time misdemeanants.
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The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) civil citation initiative addresses a youth’s behavior at his or her first encounter with the juvenile justice system and provides an alternative to arrest for that child.
Civil citation is vital to DJJ’s efforts to reform the juvenile justice system by giving first-time misdemeanor offenders the opportunity to participate in intervention services at the earliest stage of delinquency. Diverting first-time misdemeanants through civil citation will save millions of dollars that would otherwise be spent if youth were arrested and required to go through formal delinquency processing.
DJJ wants to work with you to make civil citation a success and looks forward to building partnerships with DJJ providers and other community stakeholders to enhance pre-existing civil citation programs and to promote and expand the civil citation process statewide. By intervening at the early stages of delinquency, we can help shape the future of our youth!
To find out how civil citation can make an impact in your community, contact:
Florida Department of Juvenile Justice
2737 Centerview Drive
Civil citation is a process to channel youth who commit first-time misdemeanors into intervention services at the early stage of delinquency and help them avoid further involvement with the criminal justice system. Research has shown that youth who have been detained in juvenile justice facilities are more likely to end up deeper in the system and are at risk to reoffend.
Advantages of civil citation include:
As of October 2014, civil citation was operational in 59 of Florida’s 67 counties. Click here to see which counties have already implemented civil citation. Unless these programs already do so, under s. 985.12 they must limit eligibility to first time misdemeanants, report outcomes to DJJ and provide services based on a needs assessment.
4) How exactly does civil citation work? Who decides to issue a civil citation rather than make an arrest?
A law enforcement officer who encounters a youth who has committed his or her first misdemeanor offense may opt to issue the youth a civil citation. The officer would then transport the youth to a Juvenile Assessment Center (JAC) and sign the civil citation form and any paperwork required to book a juvenile. The JAC confirms identity and eligibility; assesses the youth; assigns sanctions; refers for needed services; and provides case management through program completion.
Alternatively, the officer may issue a field citation by completing the civil citation form; confirming identity and eligibility; and releasing the youth to a parent or responsible adult. The officer faxes the original arrest affidavit civil citation form and release agreement to the JAC or operating agency for follow-up and processing as indicated above. For a graphic of this process, click here.
© 2012 Florida Department of Juvenile Justice
2737 Centerview Drive
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-3100